In the sixteenth century, silver mined by native peoples became New Spain's most important export. Silver production served as a catalyst for northern expansion, creating mining towns that led to the development of new industries, markets, population clusters, and frontier institutions. Within these towns, the need for labor, raw materials, resources, and foodstuffs brought together an array of different ethnic and social groups—Spaniards, Indians, Africans, and ethnically mixed individuals or castas. On the northern edge of the empire, 350 miles from Mexico City, sprung up Zacatecas, a silver-mining town that would grow in prominence to become the "Second City of New Spain."
Urban Indians in a Silver City illuminates the social footprint of colonial Mexico's silver mining district. It reveals the men, women, children, and families that shaped indigenous society and shifts the view of indigenous peoples from mere laborers to settlers and vecinos (municipal residents). Dana Velasco Murillo shows how native peoples exploited the urban milieu to create multiple statuses and identities that allowed them to live in Zacatecas as both Indians and vecinos. In reconsidering traditional paradigms about ethnicity and identity among the urban Indian population, she raises larger questions about the nature and rate of cultural change in the Mexican north.
About the author
Dana Velasco Murillo is Assistant Professor of History at the University of California, San Diego.
"Dana Velasco Murillo's exploration of urban indigenous identity breaks new ground. Her analysis, based on impressive research in qualitative and quantitative records, represents a major contribution to Mesoamerican ethnohistory."
—Susan Kellogg, University of Houston
"In this essential study of Zacatecas, Dana Velasco Murillo emphasizes the agency of urban indigenous peoples living and working in the ethnically diverse cities of colonial Mexico. Her book ushers us past older stereotypes into a greater understanding of the complex nature of society in a supposedly 'Spanish' mining community."
—Robert Haskett, University of Oregon