The Hijacked War
The Story of Chinese POWs in the Korean War
David Cheng Chang


Maps, Tables, and Figures


Map 1. China, 1945–1950

Map 2. Korea, 1950–1953

Map 3. The Fifth Offensive, Second Phase

Map 4. Koje POW Camp, 1952

Map 5. Camp 3A for Chinese Communist POWs, Cheju City


Table 10.1. Screening results in major Chinese POW compounds, April 1952

Table 12.1. Major differences between pro- and anti-repatriation POWs

Table 14.1. Prisoner exchange in Little Switch and Big Switch, 1953

Table 14.2. Disposition of Non-Repatriation Prisoners in late 1953 and early 1954

Table 15.1. Prisoner-agents’ alleged escape dates versus actual capture dates


Figure 0.1. Chinese People’s Volunteer Army prisoners with Nationalist flags and portraits of Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek

Figure 0.2. Chiang Kai-shek’s portrait

Figure 4.1. General MacArthur and President Chiang Kai-shek

Figure 5.1. X Corps commander Almond and the first group of Chinese prisoners captured in Korea

Figure 6.1. Captured Chinese soldiers questioned by ROK and US officers

Figure 7.1. Two female members of the Eighth Army Psychological Warfare Section don parachutes in a C-47 aircraft

Figure 7.2. A captured Chinese prisoner urges his comrades to surrender

Figure 7.3. Chinese prisoners at the 21st Regiment HQ, 24th US Infantry Division

Figure 7.4. Wounded Chinese prisoners treated at the 21st Regiment, 24th US Infantry Division collection station

Figure 7.5. Chinese prisoners inspected by James Van Fleet, William Sebald, and Matthew Ridgway

Figure 8.1. Prisoners sleeping in a flipped-spoon fashion in overcrowded tents

Figure 8.2. Prisoner details carrying “honey buckets” to be emptied into the sea

Figure 8.3. Flag-raising ceremony in Compound 86

Figure 8.4. Chinese prisoners with tattoos of Nationalist flags and anti-Communist slogans

Figure 9.1. UNC liaison officers meeting Communist counterparts

Figure 9.2. UNC and Communist liaison officers initialing a map showing the 145-mile line of demarcation

Figure 10.1. POWs interviewed regarding their repatriation choices

Figure 10.2. Mutilated bodies of Lin Xuebu, Zhang Zhenlong, and Cao Lixing

Figure 10.3. The POW record card of Yang Wenhua

Figure 11.1. Koje POW camp commandant Haydon Boatner

Figure 11.2. Postmortem photographs of Wang Huayi

Figure 11.3. A sketch by prisoner Wu Chunsheng depicting a funeral in Compound 602

Figure 12.1. Captain Joseph Brooks and DAC interpreter Huang Tiancai

Figure 12.2. UNC surrender leaflet

Figure 12.3. Maximum-security cell on Koje

Figure 13.1. Homemade weapons uncovered after the October 1 massacre

Figure 14.1. Chinese Communist POWs shouting slogans at the Panmunjom exchange point

Figure 14.2. Chinese anti-Communist prisoners staging the beheading of “Bandit Mao Zedong”

Figure 14.3. Chinese Communist POWs transferred for repatriation

Figure 14.4. Chinese anti-Communist prisoners saluting the visiting Nationalist delegation from Taiwan

Figure 15.1. POW roster page