Interdependent Yet Intolerant
Native Citizen–Foreign Migrant Violence and Global Insecurity
Robert Mandel


Contents and Abstracts
chapter abstract

This section delineates the primary thrust of the book. It includes the work's provocative central thrust, its analytical scope, and its broad security implications. Specified here are both how this study differs markedly from existing work and how it calls into question commonly held assumptions.

1 Intensifying Global Interdependence
chapter abstract

This chapter begins by highlighting the clash between high interdependence expectations and dashed interdependence dreams. It describes the absence globally of stable interdependence prerequisites and the rising interdependence-induced antagonism toward elites. Then it focuses on the rising interdependence-induced mass migration across borders and its causes and consequences.

2 Deepening Native-Foreigner Intolerance
chapter abstract

The chapter discusses the global rise of nationalism, xenophobia, and tribalism, and the associated rise of mass economic and cultural frustrations. Then it details the rising politician and media manipulation of intolerance. In the end, this sets the stage for global instability and insecurity.

3 Intolerance-Based Violence and Global Insecurity
chapter abstract

This chapter begins by presenting the typical interdependence-intolerance-violence progression. Then it discusses the nature of the intolerance-based violence threat and the paradoxes surrounding intolerance-based violence. Afterward it analyzes states' inability to manage intolerance-based violence threats and the associated mass public cynicism about states' management capabilities in this regard. Finally, the chapter concludes with a discussion of the human, state, and global insecurity consequences of intolerance-based violence.

4 Intolerance-Based Violence Cases
chapter abstract

This chapter presents the twelve global cases of intolerance-based violence between native citizens and foreign migrants. These cases involve Haitian Migrants in the Dominican Republic; Sudanese Migrants in Egypt; North African and Middle Eastern Migrants in Germany; African and South Asian Migrants in Greece; Muslim Migrants in Hungary; African Migrants in Italy; Burmese Migrants in Malaysia; Sub-Saharan African Migrants in Morocco; Central Asian Migrants in Russia; Malawi, Mozambican, and Zimbabwean Migrants in South Africa; Afghan, Sub-Saharan African, and Syrian Migrants in Turkey; and Hispanic and Muslim Migrants in the United States. Each case discussion includes the role of interdependence and the roots of intolerance, the nature of intolerance-based violence, the security impact of intolerance-based violence, the response to intolerance-based violence, and the lessons for managing intolerance-based violence.

5 Intolerance-Based Violence Findings
chapter abstract

This chapter distills from the case studies key global patterns. These include general state and society intolerance findings, background elements conducive to intolerance, and situational triggers of escalating intolerance, and finally conditions facilitating intolerance-based violence. These findings form the basis for the later policy prescriptions.

6 Managing Intolerance-Based Violence
chapter abstract

This chapter identifies general intolerance management concerns and then suggests recommendations for managing intolerance-based violence. The recommendations encompass five clusters of public and private security-enhancing ideas—increasing awareness, inclusiveness, liability, recovery, and sensitivity. Each is designed to be feasible within today's global security setting.

chapter abstract

This section discusses debunking violence perpetrator myths and overcoming overblown fears. Then it identifies a set of dangers surrounding the presence of a fortress mentality, societal polarization, security outsourcing, and tolerance hypocrisy. Finally, it addresses the need to rethink national identity and national control.